CNM Cloud Next

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The CNM Cloud Next (hereinafter, the Next) is the part of CNM Cloud that is dedicated to technological research and development (R&D) undertaken to discover and shape the future of CNM Cloud.

While being a part of CNM Farms, the Server utilizes one DigitalOcean droplet, which is located at the 167.71.244.79 IP address, and shall support all the applications that are installed at the CNM EndUser Farm. In other words, the Server can be described as a learning and testing variant of the CNM EndUser Farm.


Platform

The Server is set up as a Digitalocean droplet with dedicated 1 vCPU and 2GB / 50GB Disk in its NYC3 datacenter (New York). The dedicated resources can be increased when the existing ones can no longer support all the services that the Server is expected to provide.

OS

Ubuntu 18.04.3 (LTS) x64; kernel configs are setup to speed up servers and avoid limitations.

Control panel

An instance of Vesta Control Panel is installed in order to manage all the services through a web browser. The panel allows for creating users, email addresses, databases, adding domains, setup cronjob, or restart any service.
The control panel is enhanced with a Softaculous installation, which allows for automatic installation of popular commercial and open-source end-user applications to the Server. Its scripts are executed from the panel's administration area.

DNS records

All the Server's hostnames shall be fully qualified domain names (FQDNs). The records shall be validated with https://intodns.com/

A records

Record Hostname Value TTL (seconds)
A next.friendsofcnm.org directs to 167.71.244.79 3600
A tube.next.friendsofcnm.org directs to 167.71.244.79 3600
A lab.next.friendsofcnm.org directs to 167.71.244.79 3600
A cert.next.friendsofcnm.org directs to 167.71.244.79 3600
A wiki.next.friendsofcnm.org directs to 167.71.244.79 3600
A mail.next.friendsofcnm.org directs to 167.71.244.79 3600
A linkup.next.friendsofcnm.org directs to 167.71.244.79 3600
A page.next.friendsofcnm.org directs to 167.71.244.79 3600
A venture.next.friendsofcnm.org directs to 167.71.244.79 3600

CNAME records

Record Hostname Value TTL (seconds)
CNAME www.next.friendsofcnm.org is an alias of next.friendsofcnm.org. 43200
CNAME www.tube.next.friendsofcnm.org is an alias of tube.next.friendsofcnm.org. 43200
CNAME www.lab.next.friendsofcnm.org is an alias of lab.next.friendsofcnm.org. 43200
CNAME www.cert.next.friendsofcnm.org is an alias of cert.next.friendsofcnm.org. 43200
CNAME www.wiki.next.friendsofcnm.org is an alias of wiki.next.friendsofcnm.org. 43200
CNAME www.mail.next.friendsofcnm.org is an alias of mail.next.friendsofcnm.org. 43200
CNAME www.linkup.next.friendsofcnm.org is an alias of linkup.next.friendsofcnm.org. 43200
CNAME www.page.next.friendsofcnm.org is an alias of page.next.friendsofcnm.org. 43200
CNAME www.venture.next.friendsofcnm.org is an alias of venture.next.friendsofcnm.org. 43200

Mail-essential records

Record Hostname Value Priority TTL (seconds)
MX next.friendsofcnm.org mail handled by mail.next.friendsofcnm.org. 10 14400
TXT next.friendsofcnm.org returns "v=spf1 a mx ip4:167.71.244.79 ~all"   3600
TXT next.friendsofcnm.org REQUESTED _dmarc.next.friendsofcnm.org returns "v=DMARC1; p=none"   3600
TXT mail._domainkey.next.friendsofcnm.org REQUESTED mail._domainkey returns "v=DKIM1; k=rsa; p=MIGfMA0GCSq GSIb3DQEBAQUAA4 GNADCBiQKBg QDNffFa+nz/ +QeiKhLU85vAX8ozQrE4 Fh1R9pmbeyuAX+ n+ MhFElPMKnulNLf/ itiHVUb4cP5B5 ynWuwXWqGq4eW+ U7T4lFJey N1H1Eft lITjyTVPAUM upoRkRtZN dXyZeFM1Jz OftZFcR f6B1ZU9Bt6b QZ0Lu8J/ aNnHnXt7ewaQIDAQAB"   3600
TXT _domainkey REQUESTED _domainkey.next.friendsofcnm.org returns "t=y; o=~;"   3600

NS records

Record Hostname Value TTL (seconds)
NS friendsofcnm.org directs to ns1.digitalocean.com. 1800
NS friendsofcnm.org directs to ns2.digitalocean.com. 1800
NS friendsofcnm.org directs to ns3.digitalocean.com. 1800

Backups

The backup policy shall be created in order to setup daily, weekly, and/or monthly backups.

Internal backup

Internal backups are set up through the control panel. Auto backup is scheduled on every Saturday for all domains, web, databases, emails, and all configs.

External backup

External backups are temporarily set up through DigitalOcean on a weekly basis.

Applications

Any CNM app listed below shall comply with the CNM Cloud requirements.

Certware

One testing instance of CNM Certware shall be run on the Server and to be located at https://cert.next.friendsofcnm.org in the World Wide Web. The instance shall be based on Moodle software and shall duplicate the production instance located at https://cert.friendsofcnm.org

Labware

One testing instance of CNM Labware shall be run on the Server and to be located at https://lab.next.friendsofcnm.org in the World Wide Web. The instance shall be based on a combination of Redmine and SVN software, linked to Bitbucket's file storage, and shall duplicate the production instance located at https://lab.friendsofcnm.org

Linkupware

One testing instance of CNM Linkupware shall be run on the Server and to be located at https://linkup.next.friendsofcnm.org in the World Wide Web. The instance shall be based on SuiteCRM software and shall duplicate the production instance located at https://linkup.friendsofcnm.org

Mailware

One testing instance of CNM Mailware shall be run on the Server and to be located at https://mail.next.friendsofcnm.org in the World Wide Web. The instance shall be based on Roundcube software and shall duplicate the production instance located at https://mail.friendsofcnm.org
When mxtoolbox.com detects spam issues, delist requests shall be sent to the blocking authorities such as ivmSIP24 and spamhaus Zen particularly using invaluement.com.

Pageware

One testing instance of CNM Pageware shall be run on the Server and to be located at https://page.next.friendsofcnm.org in the World Wide Web. The instance shall be based on WordPress software and shall duplicate the production instance located at https://page.friendsofcnm.org

Ventureware

One testing instance of CNM Ventureware shall be run on the Server and to be located at https://venture.next.friendsofcnm.org in the World Wide Web. The instance shall be based on Odoo software and shall duplicate the production instance located at https://venture.friendsofcnm.org

Tubeware

One testing instance of CNM Tubeware shall be run on the Server and to be located at https://tube.next.friendsofcnm.org in the World Wide Web. The instance shall be based on YouPHPTube software and shall duplicate the production instance located at https://tube.friendsofcnm.org

Wikiware

Two testing instances of CNM Wikiware, for two different languages, shall be run on the Server and to be located at https://wiki.next.friendsofcnm.org in the World Wide Web. The instance shall be based on MediaWiki software and shall duplicate the production instance located at https://wiki.friendsofcnm.org . In addition, one instance of Tiki Wiki CMS Groupware shall be installed for testing purposes.

Server provisioning

Mail servers

Two mail servers are designed to receive and send emails. A Postfix instance shall communicate with mail exchangers and a Dovecot instance shall communicate with email clients.

Web servers

Two web servers are designed to satisfy requests of World Wide Web clients. Nginx is placed in front of Apache HTTP Server and tuned shall be used as a reverse proxy, load balancer, mail proxy and HTTP cache. Particularly, Nginx handles static files.

FTP servers

A Very Secure File Transfer Protocol Daemon (vsFTPd) shall be used for secure file transfers.

Databases

No standalone database server is planned. Separate database management systems, which are based on MariaDB instances, shall serve separate applications as follows:
Databases used in the Server
CNM app DBMS Size (tables)
Certware MariaDB
Labware
Linkupware
Mailware
Pageware
Ventureware Unknown
Tubeware MariaDB
Wikiware
PostgreSQL and MongoDB may also be considered for further applications.

SSL certificates

All domains, including all sub-domains, are provisioned with Let's Encrypt SSL certificates.

Requirements

Requirements to the Server are a part of CNM Cyber requirements.

Business requirements

The Team needs the Server because of the following:
  • Those learners who are a part of the Team shall have opportunities for hands-on training; AND/OR
  • The associates of the Team shall have opportunities for experimenting on CNM apps;
without any fear of disrupting the services of CNM Cyber.

Solution requirements

The Server shall be:
  • Located at the same facility and produce the same services as the CNM EndUser Farm;
  • Accessible to:
    1. Use its administrative panel:
      • 24/7 to the Team fellows;
      • 24/7 to those Team associates whom the CNM Technology Board authorizes;
      • When needed, those Team learners who are in their hands-on training;
    2. View its publicly-open pages 24/7 and register to everyone:
  • Easily restored when the Server fails. Those failures may particularly be caused by hands-on training sessions and experiments.

Project requirements

The following requirements are effective with regard to the Server developments:
  • All public data related to requirements to the Server shall be published at CNM Wiki.
  • All private data related to the Server shall be published at CNM Lab.
  • Only the CNM Technology Board can approve changes.

Administration

The Board oversees the Server development and, particularly, approves the Server's requirements. The Friends Of CNM implements the approved requirements.

History

Gary Ihar introduced the idea of the Server in early August of 2019. After MichaelC approved the idea, Gary Ihar started recruitment of the contractor. Some design ideas were proposed by Chris M. In early September, Atif G. was hired as the contractor. By mid-September, he installed the control panel, all its applications, web and mail servers. Atif G. also configured SSL certificates, generated DNS records, and plugged most of the applications into the WorldOpp Federated Farm through LDAP.

To-do list

The Team believes that it is needed to:
  1. Plug all the applications into the federal server through LDAP.
  2. Design the policy of granting access to the Team staffers and learners.
  3. Document all developments using CNM Lab.

Things to be clarified

  • packages updated + upgraded
  • vesta controlpanel has been installed
  • now need to setup its configs
  • vesta control panel detail
  • softaculous also installed with vesta
  • nginx tunning ok
  • mysql tunning ok
  • apache tunning ok
  • security limits config done
  • php configs done

See also

Related lectures